Non-intrusive Distraction Detection Based on Car Sensor Data


Nowadays Internet-enabled phones have become ubiquitous, and we all witness the flood of information that often arrives with a notification. Most of us immediately divert our attention to our phones even when we are behind the wheel. Statistics show that drivers use their phone on 88% of their trips, in 2015 in the United Kingdom 25% of the fatal accidents were caused by distraction or impairment. Therefore there is need to tackle this issue. However, most of the distraction detection methods either use expensive dedicated hardware and/or they make use of intrusive or uncomfortable sensors. We propose a distracted driving detection mechanism using non-intrusive vehicle sensor data. In the proposed method 8 driving signals are used. The data is collected, then two sets of statistical and cepstral features are extracted using a sliding window process, further a classifier makes a prediction for each window frame, lastly, a decision function takes the last l predictions and makes the final prediction. We evaluate the subject independent performance of the proposed mechanism using a driving dataset consisting of 13 drivers. We show that performance increases as the decision window gets larger. We achieve the best results using a Gradient Boosting classifier with a decision window of total duration 285 seconds which yields ROC AUC of 98.7%.

4th International Conference on Vehicle Technology and Intelligent Transport Systems